Guidelines for Diabetes Testing
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often appear suddenly and are often the reason for checking blood sugar levels. However, because there may not be any symptoms of the other types of diabetes and prediabetes or because they may come on more gradually, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) has recommended the following screening guidelines:
Anyone with a body mass index (BMI) higher than 25, regardless of age, who has the following risk factors, should be screened:
- An inactive lifestyle
- A history of polycystic ovary syndrome
- Delivered a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds
- A history of diabetes in pregnancy
- High cholesterol levels
- A history of heart disease
- A close relative with diabetes.
Anyone older than age 45 is advised to have an initial blood sugar screening, and if the results are normal, they should be screened every three years thereafter.